When searching for information on this topic, potentially useful keywords to use include :
- mine clearance
- mine countermeasures
- maritime mine countermeasures
- minehunting operations
- mine action
- unexploded ordnance (UXO)
- anti-personnel mine
- small arms disarmament
- stockpile destruction
- disarmament, demobilization, and reintegration (DDR)
This LibGuide includes links to content found on the web (e.g. websites, news & blogs, reports, etc.) as well as a select number of articles and books available from the NATO Multimedia Library.
Please note that this is not a comprehensive collection of material on mine clearance and small arms/light weapons destruction. The selection criteria for the websites and documents included was based on each item's currency and relevancy to this topic.
Furthermore, quick search boxes for online databases subscribed by the Library (available to staff working at NATO HQ) as well as links to the library catalog are available for you to locate additional resources.
This LibGuide is intended to provide a few starting points to assist you with your research on issues related to mine clearance and small arms/light weapons (SALW) destruction.
Good places to start your research include :
- the NATO Topic pages on:
- Small arms and light weapons and mine action
- Arms control, disarmament and non-proliferation in NATO
- Partnership Trust Funds
- NATO’s role in conventional arms control
- the NATO Review edition on Small weapons, big impact (2011)
- the NATO LibGuide on Arms Control, Disarmament and Non-Proliferation
- the Civil-Military Fusion Centre's page on IED & Demining
- the international Small Arms Control Standards; in particular, ISACS 05.50, Destruction: Weapons
- the International Mine Action Standards
NATO bodies with a central role
In January 1999, NATO established the Ad Hoc Working Group on SALW, within the framework of the EAPC. Later that year, work began on creating the NATO/PfP Trust Fund Mechanism, which has become an integral part of the Working Group ever since. In 2004, the Working Group’s mandate was expanded to include mine action issues, renaming it to the Ad Hoc Working Group on SALW and Mine Action. The Working Group’s authority comes directly from the Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council (EAPC) itself.
The Luxembourg-based NATO Maintenance and Supply Agency (NAMSA) – now the NATO Support Agency (NSPA) was chosen by the Lead Nation(s) of most (not all) NATO/PfP Trust Fund projects to be the executing agent, particularly for demilitarization projects. As such, it plays an essential role in the development and implementation of Trust Fund projects and offers technical advice and a range of management services. Once the project proposal is agreed by the Lead Nation and the partner country concerned, it is presented to the Political Partnerships Committee. This body serves as a formal forum to discuss the project and attract volunteer donor support and resources. (source)
NATO activated on May 27, 1999, an operational mine countermeasures capability permanently available in the Mediterranean and poised for action in peacetime, crisis or conflict. The new force, initially called NATO Mine Counter Measures Force Mediterranean (MCMFM) is since available to the Supreme Allied Commander Europe (SACEUR). This important new force normally comprises eight mine hunters/sweepers and a support ship from Belgium, Germany, Greece, Italy, Spain, Turkey, United Kingdom and the United States. On 3 September, 2001 NATO’s Standing Mine Countermeasures force in the Mediterranean (MCMFORMED) changed its name to Mine Countermeasures Force South (MCMFORSOUTH), to bring its name in line with its NATO Northern Region counterpart, MCMFORNORTH. The change also reflects that NATO’s Maritime Forces are not constrained to one particular area of operations. (source)
Standing NATO Mine Counter Measures Group 1 (SNMCMG1) is one of NATO’s two specialist mine countermeasures groups. It is a permanently established, multinational, seagoing force of MCM vessels, on task continuously, to give NATO the ability to respond to a wide range of missions almost anywhere in the world. It consists of units from NATO countries and regularly exercises with the Russian Navy and engages with Partner Nation countries in Europe, Africa and as far away as the Gulf. On 2 August 2012 Belgium took command of the permanently established NATO Mine Countermeasures group 1. (source)
Standing NATO Mine-Countermeasures Group 2, is a multinational, integrated maritime force - made up of vessels from various allied nations, training and operating together as a single team - that is permanently available to NATO to perform a wide range tasks, from participating in exercises to crisis response and real world operational missions. Usually the Force is employed in the Mediterranean area but, as necessary, will be available anywhere NATO requires it to deploy. (source)