When searching for information on this topic, potentially useful keywords to use include :
- Smart Defence
- defence spending
- pooling and sharing capabilities
- Connected Forces Initiative
This LibGuide includes links to content found on the web (e.g. websites, news & blogs, reports, etc.) as well as a select number of articles and books available from the NATO Multimedia Library.
Please note that this is not a comprehensive collection of material on intelligence sharing in fighting terrorism. The selection criteria for the websites and documents included was based on each item's currency and relevancy to this topic.
Furthermore, quick search boxes for online databases subscribed by the Library (available to staff working at NATO HQ) as well as links to the library catalog are available for you to locate additional resources.
At the Munich Security Conference in 2011, NATO Secretary General, Anders Fogh Rasmussen, presented a new approach to defence spending in a time of economic crisis in his keynote speech. This new approach, Smart Defence, refers to “ensuring greater security, for less money, by working together with more flexibility.” As part of this approach, he advocated for nations to “pool and share capabilities, to set the right priorities, and to better coordinate our efforts.”
At this year's Munich Security Conference (2012), the Secretary General stressed the importance of Smart Defence as well as the need for interoperability of NATO capabiities:
I see three significant changes that will affect NATO in the coming years: defence cuts in Europe; the evolution of the United States defence posture; and the end of our combat operations in Afghanistan.
We need to respond to these changes so that, by the end of this decade and into the next, we emerge stronger as an Alliance, not weaker. A key part of our response is what I call Smart Defence - a new way for NATO and Allies to do business. Faced with fiscal austerity, and defence budgets under pressure, this is about doing more by doing it together.
I outlined it last year, in this very same conference room. And at our NATO summit in Chicago in May, I expect all Allies to commit to it. Because Smart Defence is a long-term strategy to deliver the right capabilities right across the Alliance.
But capabilities alone are not enough. These capabilities need to be able to work together – and our troops need to be able to work together too. This is what some in NATO jargon call, "interoperability", but I believe it is more than that.
It’s the ability to connect all our forces. Common understanding. Common command and control arrangements. Common standards. Common language. And common doctrine and procedures. It concerns everything we do as an Alliance.
At the Secretary General's monthly press briefing on 5 March 2012, he stated:
Smart Defence is about lining up national requirements and NATO’s requirements. It is about setting clear priorities. Specialising in a coordinated and deliberate way – by design, not by default. And cooperating between Allies, and with the European Union, so that every effort counts, and nothing is wasted.
I expect that in Chicago, we will make Smart Defence the new way we do business. And apply it to three strands of work: immediate projects, longer-term projects, and strategic projects .
First, an initial package of more than 20 multinational projects that will address critical capability shortfalls. We already have lead nations assigned to these projects, and we have confirmed participants.
Second, we will look at a number of longer-term multinational projects that are already in the pipeline: Missile Defence, Alliance Ground Surveillance and Air Policing. Air Policing in the Baltic States is a model for Alliance solidarity and a practical example of smart defence.
Third, we will target a number of strategic projects for 2020 and beyond. As our operation in Libya showed, we still face some specific capability gaps, such as air-to-air refuelling and joint intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance. And we know that we will need stronger cooperation, across the Atlantic and in Europe, to fill them. So in Chicago, I will look for a commitment to make sure that this is what we deliver.
Smart Defence is about building capabilities together. But we also need to be able to operate them together. That is why I have launched the Connected Forces Initiative. It puts a premium on training and education, exercises, and better use of technology.
This LibGuide is intended to provide a few starting points to assist you with your research on issues related to smart defence and interoperability, in particular in the NATO context.
Good places to start your research include :
- the NATO portal on Smart Defence
- Remarks by NATO Secretary General Anders Fogh Rasmussen at the Allied Command Transformation Seminar, Washington DC (28 February 2012)
- ''Building security in an age of austerity'' Keynote speech by NATO Secretary General Anders Fogh Rasmussen at the 2011 Munich Security Conference (4 February 2011)
- the Secretary General's blog video on Connected Forces (February 2012)
- the NATO topic pages (for general background) on:
- Smart Defence
- Interoperability: Connecting NATO Forces
- Improving NATO’s Capabilities
- Collective defence
- Defence Planning Process
- Information on Defence Expenditures
- Military organization and structures
- Paying for NATO
- The Resource Policy and Planning Board
- Centres of Excellence
- the NATO topic pages (for specific aspects) on:
- Alliance Ground Surveillance (AGS)
- AWACS: NATO’s 'Eye In The Sky'
- Countering Improvised Explosive Devices (C-IEDs)
- Conference of National Armaments Directors (CNAD)
- Defending against cyber attacks
- Improving NATO’s strategic air- and sealift capabilities
- Missile defence
- NATO Air and Missile Defence
- NATO Air Command and Control System (ACCS)
- Strategic Airlift Capability (SAC)
- Strategic Airlift Interim Solution (SALIS)
- the NATO LibGuides on:
- the NATO Review:
- the NATO Defense College Forum Paper Smart Defense: A Critical Appraisal (2012) by Jakob Henius & Jacopo Leone McDonald
- the backgrounder Multinational Projects, which lists concrete examples of the Smart Defence initiative