Author(): Fiott, Daniel
In: Karampekios N., Oikonomou I., Carayannis E. (eds) The Emergence of EU Defense Research Policy. Innovation, Technology, and Knowledge Management, pp 281-297, online 18 November 2017.
Available to NATO staff only [Please contact the Library]
Abstract: The aim of this chapter is to analyze how the European Union (EU) and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) stimulate defense research and development (R&D) cooperation among their respective members. The chapter also seeks to understand how, if at all, the EU and NATO cooperate with each other as organizations in the domain of defense R&D. Looking at each organization separately and then as interrelated institutions, this chapter aims to offer readers a clearer understanding of how European governments cooperate with one another for pursuing defense R&D.
This article provides the framework for the contributions to this special issue. It first puts the theme into context and outlines the main issues that justify further analytical engagement with European Union (EU)–North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) relations to the extent we propose here. We then provide some historical background to frame the discussion, and in doing so also outline the current state of interaction between the EU and NATO. We then briefly contextualise the changing strategic environment shaping the relationship, including recent proposals to implement their declared “strategic partnership”. This introduction then presents an overview of the existing literature to set the stage for a renewed look at the research agenda that has emerged over the last two decades. We close with an outline of the individual contributions to this special issue, which are presented in two sections: one focusing on theoretical and conceptual approaches to the study of EU of EU–NATO relations, and one on the inter-organisational relationship in practice, followed by a concluding synopsis and outlook.
Author(s): Brânda, Oana-Elena.
International Scientific Conference "Strategies XXI"; Bucharest 2: 75-83. Bucharest: "Carol I" National Defence University. (2017)
Available on demand only [Please contact the Library]
Zusammenarbeit NATO-EU - geht es jetzt (endlich) los ?
Notes: Maritime engagement in the Gulf of Aden is a puzzling case for anyone interested in the political and institutional problems underlying European Union-North Atlantic Treaty Organization (EU-NATO) cooperation. Although the EU's operation NAVFOR 'Atalanta' and NATO's 'Ocean Shield' operate in the same theatre and with similar mandates, there is no formal link between them. No joint planning has been envisaged, and no official task-sharing takes place. As this article aims to show, cooperation and coordination between EU and NATO forces at the operational and tactical levels have nevertheless worked surprisingly well. Two faces of EU-NATO cooperation become apparent : the political level is dominated by a permanent deadlock, while on the ground and at sea staff have developed a modus operandi that allows them to deliver fairly successfully in complementing yet detached operations. Based on 60 interviews with EU and NATO officials (2010-2013), this article illustrates how the operational and tactical levels have developed ways of coordinating efforts informally despite the lack of a formal framework. It aims to show to what extent and how they succeed at bypassing organizational boundaries and at overcoming political limitations. Although these practices are becoming increasingly institutionalized, it remains to be seen whether this will translate into formal changes.
The essay analyses the role of NATO in the post-Cold War period by conducting a comparison of the cases of NATO's operations in Kosovo and Libya. The article reveals the enhanced weight of the Alliance member states and the European countries' active role in protecting their regional interests and also show how the state interests of the USA and Russia played a significant role in the two cases. This analysis of the behavioral patterns of the former Cold War adversaries could provide a useful interpretation and perhaps an explanation of the current events in Ukraine. The pursuit of power continues to dominate the international relations arena as the confrontation between the USA and Russia is far from over.
ABSTRACT: This paper discusses the inter-organizational relationship of the two leading security organizations in Europe: the European Union and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. Rather than discussing the two organizations material overlaps, the paper discusses their quest for organizational identity and role in the domain of foreign and defence policy, as well as the ideational structures that affect both institutions social behaviour and their behaviour toward each other. It aims first to tease out how structures of meaning in the form of norms, values, and beliefs have affected the two organizations behaviour toward each other; and second to introduce explanatory arguments about their subcultural relationship that can help explain their attitudinal divergences. The article makes two arguments: First, there is a significant normative overlap between the two institutions, especially with regards to future challenges and threats and the role of third parties and international organizations. Second, I introduce a preliminary argument by holding that the best way to make sense of the ideational divergences between the two organizations is to conceptualize NATO's strategic culture as a subculture of the European Union's strategic culture.
KOOPS, Joachim A. (2010) in: Werner Kremp and Berthold Meyer (eds.). Entangling Alliance: 60 Jahre NATO. Geschichte, Gegenwart, Zukunft, Trier: Wissenschaftsverlag, pp. 41-78
Posted on the Global Governance Institute website on 4 January 2012.
DUKE, S. (2011). STUDIA DIPLOMATICA, vol. 64, no. 2, p. 19-35.
A lengthier version is also available as Chapter 16 in:
P. J. Cardwell (ed.), EU External Relations Law and Policy in the Post-Lisbon Era, DOI: 10.1007/978-90-6704-823-1_16, T.M.C. ASSER PRESS, The Hague, The Netherlands, 2012
Available only in print [Please contact the Library]
Our article focuses on the likely impact of France's return to NATO's integrated military command on the future of the European security and defense policy (ESDP). First, we describe the triangular relationship between France's defense, NATO and European defense policies that dominated the era of the Gaullist-Mitterrandist consensus (1958-95) and its gradual erosion under Jacques Chirac's tenure (1995-2007). Second, we explain the context in which President Sarkozy made the decision in 2007 to rejoin the Allied military command. Relying on interviews with French foreign and defense policy-makers, we address the extent to which ESDP considerations really played a role. Finally, we develop four scenarios for the future of European defense: (1) ESDP gets a new lease of life; (2) France becomes a normal player in a NATO-dominated Europe; (3) NATO and ESDP work out of a division of labor; and (4) France becomes the Trojan horse of European cooperation inside NATO. To develop each scenario, we rely on rationalist and constructivist mechanisms drawn from International Relations theory.
The paper looks at France's return to NATO, looking at the impact of its ongoing reintegration in the alliance's military structure from a strategic, a political and an operational perspective. We address three main questions: (1) How will France's reintegration affect other NATO countries? This question will be answered from the perspectives of Canada, the UK, Germany and the United States; (2) How will France cope with the transition? French experts will assess the French debate on NATO, the operational dimension of France's reintegration of the command structure and France's role in transatlantic relations; (3) How will the decision affect the future prospects for allied action? This question will be addressed by looking at the nuclear dimension of NATO, burden-sharing, NATO's transformation and the impact of France's reintegration on European defence. [ABSTRACT]
This paper is based on a presentation at the conference "Why NATO? Taking Stock of the Alliance
and its New Strategic Concept", organized by the University of Southern Denmark in Odense
on 29 November 2010, and will be part of an edited volume published by the Danish Institute of International Studies (DIIS).
VAN EEKELEN, Willem (January 2011). In "NATO's Retirement? Essays in Honour of Peter Volten" edited by Margriet Drent, Arjan van den Assem, Jaap de Wilde, 200 pages, published by the Centre for European Security Studies.
KLIJN, Hugo (January 2011). In "NATO's Retirement? Essays in Honour of Peter Volten" edited by Margriet Drent, Arjan van den Assem, Jaap de Wilde, 200 pages, published by the Centre for European Security Studies.
Notwithstanding claims made by participants, the Nato summit in Lisbon did not constitute a turning point: the alliance continues to be undermined by a profound crisis, highlighted not only by the problems it faces in Afghanistan, but also by nagging doubts about the effectiveness of mutual assistance in the event of threats to security.
"The tragic events which occurred during the „90s in the Balkans have reiterated the need for the European Union (EU) to assume a much more assertive role in managing security concerns in Europe, including the development of European defence capabilities. In 1998, at Saint Malo, Tony Blair and Jacques Chirac launched the European Security and Defence Policy (ESDP). This project has been generated due to the EU‟s need to adopt a strategic framework within which to develop a global defence and security component, as well as due to a growing necessity for the EU to contribute effectively to North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and United Nations (UN) efforts of conducting defence, international crisis management and peacekeeping operations at an international level in conflict-prone areas. In recent years, ESDP has undergone a spectacular evolution, being now among the major issues discussed in Brussels. However, the creation of the ESDP has been greeted with caution by some NATO members being perceived primarily as a threat to the integrity of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. The purpose of this paper is to examine the difficulties the ESDP has encountered since its inception and also to what extent it has affected the EU-NATO and the EU-US nexus." [ABSTRACT]