With Russia’s war in Ukraine now in its second year, indications point towards Moscow preparing a renewed cyber offensive. However, a repeat of what transpired last February is unlikely. Russia’s cyber forces had reshaped their operational approach over the past year to better coordinate their actions and account for fighting a longer conflict. It is therefore important that specific drivers for Ukraine’s defensive success are identified, analysed and where appropriate, reinforced. The issue at hand is not just ensuring Western preparedness for future conflicts, but more urgently, to safeguard the continued success of Kyiv’s cyber defences.
On March 2, 2023, the Biden administration released the new National Cybersecurity Strategy, replacing the 2018 Trump administration Cybersecurity Strategy. The new strategy builds on the previous one, continuing the momentum on many of its priorities while seeking to carry forward and evolve many of the strategic efforts originally initiated by the 2008 Comprehensive National Cybersecurity Initiative.